Music and Piracy - Activity 2 :
Specific vocabulary and fact comprehension

Gapfill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!


Numbers, figures and dates should be written as follows : 2005, 16.8, 52
When we hear the words ‘piracy’ and ‘music’ in the same sentence, we usually think about individuals music from the Internet or using -- . That’s what we hear about most often in the news anyway.

What I’d like to discuss with you today is another form of music piracy, and this form has nothing to do with individuals ‘sharing’ music. This is about the of illegal copies of and for profit. And it’s a global business worth billions of dollars.

First, let’s take a look at a few to get an idea of the dimensions of the problem. According to the International Federation of Phonogram and Videogram Producers - IFPI - in , units were sold. They the total value of these products $ . That’s the equivalent of the entire music markets of the , the and combined. And for discs, IFPI says that in sold worldwide is a pirated copy.

The three pie charts here show the changes in the technology used to pirate music. In 2000, % of pirated music was still in the form of cassettes. Copying CDs a big investment in . It took the equivalent of a factory production line to copy traditional CDs which, for that reason, made up only a of illegal sales.

But the CD-R appeared in 2000, and , cassettes % of the market while CD-Rs %. CD-R replication equipment became available everywhere, and high-speed burners were cheap. A commercial pirate operation could be almost anywhere - in an apartment or a garage. And if the authorities got too close, it was easy to change locations.

The trend continued. And in 2004, CD-Rs and CDs together represented - of the market. However, cassettes have not disappeared completely. They account for 25% of sales and will probably be around for a while. In many developing countries, the cassette boom box is still the most readily available player.

I’m sure you noticed that the DVD in 2004. It's share that year war only 1%. However, with its huge capacity, the DVD will have a giant impact on music piracy in the years to come.

My last chart today is a graph showing the illegal sales of discs from to . The horizontal axis shows the years, and the vertical axis shows sales in millions of units. Remember, this graph is for discs only. The first thing we notice is that in only years, sales - from 400 million units in 1997 to nearly units in 2004. The impact of the CD-R is also clear. Once it was in 2000 and for equipment , sales of illegal CDs . Disc piracy in 2003 and 2004. However, unless measures are taken, we expect sales .

As a conclusion to this short presentation, I’d like to repeat three things that . First, music piracy is big business. Second, technology is making it easier and cheaper to pirate music. And third, the potential for growth is enormous.

Thank you all for your attention. I’d now like to take five minutes for any questions or comments you might have.

- John?
- Is this activity concentrated in any one geographical area?
- That’s a good question because it’s than we think. We tend to immediately point to parts of , but there is tremendous growth today in some Latin American countries. And the activity we imagine in North America and Europe. So it is a global problem.

- Yes, you sir.
- downloading music from the Internet or peer-to-peer exchanges. Why? Isn’t that a problem?
- Well, I wanted the focus today to be on the sale of illegal music for profit. And that isn’t really a component of downloading or P2P.
- But it is illegal.
- Not always. Just think of the number of sites like iTunes that music today. But this is perhaps not the best time to go into this. Perhaps we should put it on the agenda for one of our future meetings.

- John?
- Could you give us any information on to stop piracy?
- You’ll find in the document that I’ll be giving out at the end of our meeting a section devoted to efforts by the sectors to prevent illegal copies or to around the world. The question in , in diplomatic talks, in techniques, and so on. I think you’ll find the section very interesting.

- Any more questions or comments? Well, thank you again.